Among the components of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), endothelial cells (ECs) play an important role in supplying limited materials, especially glucose, to the brain. However, the mechanism by which glucose is metabolized in brain ECs is still elusive. To address this topic, we assessed the metabolic signature of glucose utilization using live-cell metabolic assays and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry metabolomic analysis. We found that brain ECs are highly dependent on aerobic glycolysis, generating lactate as its final product with minimal consumption of glucose. Glucose treatment decreased the oxygen consumption rate in a dose-dependent manner, indicating the Crabtree effect. Moreover, when glycolysis was inhibited, brain ECs showed impaired permeability to molecules utilizing transcellular pathway. In addition, we found that the blockade of glycolysis in mouse brain with 2-deoxyglucose administration resulted in decreased transcellular permeability of the BBB. In conclusion, utilizing glycolysis in brain ECs has critical roles in the maintenance and permeability of the BBB. Overall, we could conclude that brain ECs are highly glycolytic, and their energy can be used to maintain the transcellular permeability of the BBB.