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First-Principles Study on the Thermal Stability of LiNiO2 Materials Coated by Amorphous Al2O3 with Atomic Layer Thickness

First-Principles Study on the Thermal Stability of LiNiO2 Materials Coated by Amorphous Al2O3 with Atomic Layer Thickness
Kang, J[Kang, Joonhee]Han, B[Han, Byungchan]
DGIST Authors
Kang, J[Kang, Joonhee]
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Article Type
Ab Initio Molecular DynamicsAluminumAluminum CoatingsAmorphous Al2O3Amorphous MaterialsCalculationsCathodesChemical BondsCoated MaterialsCoatingsCorundum DepositsDensity Functional TheoryDepositsElectric BatteriesElectrochemical EnergyElectrochemical StabilitiesElectrodesFirst-Principles CalculationFirst-Principles CalculationsFirst-Principles StudyInstability ProblemsIonsLi-Ion BatteriesLi-Ion BatteryLithiumLithium-Ion BatteriesMolecular DynamicsMolecular OxygenNanofiltration MembranesPetroleum DepositsPhase InterfacesPhase TransitionsSecondary BatteriesStabilitySurface-CoatingSurface-CoatingsThermal StabilityThermodynamic Stability
Using first-principles calculations, we study how to enhance thermal stability of high Ni compositional cathodes in Li-ion battery application. Using the archetype material LiNiO2 (LNO), we identify that ultrathin coating of Al2O3 (0001) on LNO(012) surface, which is the Li de-/intercalation channel, substantially improves the instability problem. Density functional theory calculations indicate that the Al2O3 deposits show phase transition from the corundum-type crystalline (c-Al2O3) to amorphous (a-Al2O3) structures as the number of coating layers reaches three. Ab initio molecular dynamic simulations on the LNO(012) surface coated by a-Al2O3 (about 0.88 nm) with three atomic layers oxygen gas evolution is strongly suppressed at T = 400 K. We find that the underlying mechanism is the strong contacting force at the interface between LNO(012) and Al2O3 deposits, which, in turn, originated from highly ionic chemical bonding of Al and O at the interface. Furthermore, we identify that thermodynamic stability of the a-Al2O3 is even more enhanced with Li in the layer, implying that the protection for the LNO(012) surface by the coating layer is meaningful over the charging process. Our approach contributes to the design of innovative cathode materials with not only high-energy capacity but also long-term thermal and electrochemical stability applicable for a variety of electrochemical energy devices including Li-ion batteries. © 2015 American Chemical Society.
American Chemical Society
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