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Preparation of mesoporous In2O3 nanofibers by electrospinning and their application as a CO gas sensor
- Preparation of mesoporous In2O3 nanofibers by electrospinning and their application as a CO gas sensor
- Lim, Sang Kyoo; Hwang, Sung-Ho; Chang, Daeic; Kim, Soon Hyun
- DGIST Authors
- Lim, Sang Kyoo; Hwang, Sung-Ho; Kim, Soon Hyun
- Issue Date
- Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical, 149(1), 28-33
- Article Type
- Adsorption; Adsorption and Reactions; BET Surface Area; Brunauer-Emmett-Teller Surface Areas; Calcination; Calcining Temperature; Co Gas Sensor; Composite Fibers; Composite Nanofibers; Electrospinning; Electrospuns; Gas Detectors; Gas Sensing Electrodes; Gas Sensing Properties; Gas Sensor; Gas Sensors; High Surface Area; Indium; Indium Acetate; Indium Oxide; Meso-Pores; Mesoporous; Metal Oxides; Nanofibers; Organometallics; Polyvinyl Acetates; Primary Particle Size; Sensors; Surface Area; Surface Sites
- Mesoporous In2O3 nanofibers with a high surface area were synthesized by calcining electrospun polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/indium acetate composite fibers. A PVA solution and indium acetate were mixed and electrospun. After calcining the PVA/indium acetate composite nanofiber precursor, mesoporous In2O3 nanofibers were successfully formed. These nanofibers had diameters in the range of 150-200 nm and consisted of cubic indium oxide nanocrystals with a primary particle size of 10-20 nm. The Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area of the In2O3 nanofibers was strongly affected by the calcining temperature. The BET surface area of the fibers calcined at 400 °C was significantly higher than the surface area of the nanofibers calcined at 500 °C or 600 °C and of the commercial In2O3 powder. The response of mesoporous In2O3 nanofibers to CO in air is strongly affected by the surface area. The highly elevated response of In2O3 nanofibers calcined at 400 °C could be attributed to the high surface area, which provides a large amount of surface sites for adsorption and reaction of CO. The results demonstrate that the electrospinning approach is an easy and useful method to synthesize metal oxides with mesopores and high surface area, which may enhance their gas sensing properties. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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