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Six Germline Genetic Variations Impair the Translesion Synthesis Activity of Human DNA Polymerase kappa

Six Germline Genetic Variations Impair the Translesion Synthesis Activity of Human DNA Polymerase kappa
Kim, JK[Kim, Jae-Kwon]Yeom, M[Yeom, Mina]Hong, JK[Hong, Jin-Kyung]Song, I[Song, Insil]Lee, YS[Lee, Young-Sam]Guengerich, FP[Guengerich, F. Peter]Choi, JY[Choi, Jeong-Yun]
DGIST Authors
Lee, YS[Lee, Young-Sam]
Issue Date
Chemical Research in Toxicology, 29(10), 1741-1754
Article Type
DNA polymerase (pol) κ efficiently catalyzes error-free translesion DNA synthesis (TLS) opposite bulky N2-guanyl lesions induced by carcinogens such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. We investigated the biochemical effects of nine human nonsynonymous germline POLK variations on the TLS properties of pol κ, utilizing recombinant pol κ (residues 1-526) enzymes and DNA templates containing an N2-CH2(9-anthracenyl)G (N2-AnthG), 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoG), O6-methyl(Me)G, or an abasic site. In steady-state kinetic analyses, the R246X, R298H, T473A, and R512W variants displayed 7- to 18-fold decreases in kcat/Km for dCTP insertion opposite G and N2-AnthG, with 2- to 3-fold decreases in DNA binding affinity, compared to that of the wild-type, and further showed 5- to 190-fold decreases in kcat/Km for next-base extension from C paired with N2-AnthG. The A471V variant showed 2- to 4-fold decreases in kcat/Km for correct nucleotide insertion opposite and beyond G (or N2-AnthG) compared to that of the wild-type. These five hypoactive variants also showed similar patterns of attenuation of TLS activity opposite 8-oxoG, O6-MeG, and abasic lesions. By contrast, the T44M variant exhibited 7- to 11-fold decreases in kcat/Km for dCTP insertion opposite N2-AnthG and O6-MeG (as well as for dATP insertion opposite an abasic site) but not opposite both G and 8-oxoG, nor beyond N2-AnthG, compared to that of the wild-type. These results suggest that the R246X, R298H, T473A, R512W, and A471V variants cause a general catalytic impairment of pol κ opposite G and all four lesions, whereas the T44M variant induces opposite lesion-dependent catalytic impairment, i.e., only opposite O6-MeG, abasic, and bulky N2-G lesions but not opposite G and 8-oxoG, in pol κ, which might indicate that these hypoactive pol κ variants are genetic factors in modifying individual susceptibility to genotoxic carcinogens in certain subsets of populations. © 2016 American Chemical Society.
American Chemical Society
Related Researcher
  • Author Lee, Young-Sam Lab of genome maintenance
  • Research Interests DNA replication and repair; Restoration of cellular senescence; Structural and functional relationship of proteins
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Department of New BiologyLab of Genome Maintenance1. Journal Articles

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