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Iron-polypyrrole electrocatalyst with remarkable activity and stability for ORR in both alkaline and acidic conditions: a comprehensive assessment of catalyst preparation sequence
- Iron-polypyrrole electrocatalyst with remarkable activity and stability for ORR in both alkaline and acidic conditions: a comprehensive assessment of catalyst preparation sequence
- Thanh-Nhan Tran; Song, Min Young; Singh, Kiran Pal; Yang, Dae-Soo; Yu, Jong-Sung
- DGIST Authors
- Yu, Jong-Sung
- Issue Date
- Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 4(22), 8645-8657
- Article Type
- Alkaline Conditions; Carbon and Nitrogen; Catalyst Activity; Catalyst Preparation; Catalysts; Comprehensive Assessment; Doping (Additives); Electrocatalysts; Electrolytic Reduction; Leaching; Oxygen Reduction Reaction; Platinum; Platinum Alloys; Polypyrroles; Pyrolysis; Pyrolysis Temperature; Pyrrole Polymerization; Stabilization; Template Free Method
- A new facile template-free method is presented to synthesize Fe-treated N-doped carbon (Fe/N-C) catalysts for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) by employing a synthesis protocol of pyrolysis-leaching-stabilization (PLS) sequence of polypyrrole in the presence of ferric source, which serves dual purposes of an oxidant for pyrrole polymerization and an iron source. Each step in the PLS sequence is assessed in detail in terms of the related structural properties of the resulting carbon catalysts, and their effects on ORR activities are elaborated to confirm the validity of the current synthesis protocol. It is found that the as-prepared carbon catalyst exhibits outstanding high catalytic activity in both alkaline and acidic conditions. The carbon catalyst prepared at a pyrolysis temperature of 900 °C (FePPyC-900) shows remarkably high ORR activity with onset potential of 0.96 V (vs. RHE), which is similar to that of Pt/C, whereas the half-wave potential (E1/2) of FePPyC-900 is 0.877 V, more positive than that of Pt/C at the same catalyst loading amount under alkaline conditions. Furthermore, the FePPyC-900 catalyst also illustrates exceptionally high activity under acidic conditions with onset and half-wave potentials of 0.814 and 0.740 V, respectively, which are almost comparable to those (0.817 and 0.709 V) of the state-of-the-art Pt/C catalyst, which is rarely observed for non-Pt-based carbon catalysts. In addition, the FePPyC-900 catalyst displays much better stability and methanol tolerance than the Pt/C and exhibits a four electron transfer pathway under both alkaline and acidic conditions. Such extraordinary high ORR activity and stability of the FePPyC-samples can be attributed to the implementation of extra stabilization step in addition to conventional sample preparation steps of pyrolysis and subsequent leaching in current PLS synthesis protocol as well as to the use of highly conducting PPy as a single precursor of carbon and nitrogen in the presence of Fe. © 2016 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
- Royal Society of Chemistry
- Related Researcher
Light, Salts and Water Research Group
Materials chemistry; nanomaterials; electrochemistry; carbon and porous materials; fuel cell; battery; supercapacitor; sensor and photochemical catalyst
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- Department of Energy Science and EngineeringLight, Salts and Water Research Group1. Journal Articles
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