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Graphene Nanoplatelets with Selectively Functionalized Edges as Electrode Material for Electrochemical Energy Storage
- Graphene Nanoplatelets with Selectively Functionalized Edges as Electrode Material for Electrochemical Energy Storage
- Bhattacharjya, Dhrubajyoti; Jeon, In-Yup; Park, Hyean-Yeol; Panja, Tandra; Baek, Jong-Beom; Yu, Jong-Sung
- DGIST Authors
- Yu, Jong-Sung
- Issue Date
- Langmuir, 31(20), 5676-5683
- Article Type
- Ball Milling; Capacitance; Charge-Discharge Cycle; Durability; Efficiency Requirements; Electric Discharges; Electro-Chemical Electrodes; Electrochemical Energy; Electrochemical Energy Storage; Electrochemical Performance; Electrodes; Electrolytic Capacitors; Electron Emission; Functional Groups; Graphene; Graphite; Oxygen-Containing Functional Groups; Supercapacitor Electrodes; Surface Functionalities
- In recent years, graphene-based materials have been in the forefront as electrode material for electrochemical energy generation and storage. Despite this prevalent interest, synthesis procedures have not attained three important efficiency requirements, that is, cost, energy, and eco-friendliness. In this regard, in the present work, graphene nanoplatelets with selectively functionalized edges (XGnPs) are prepared through a simple, eco-friendly and efficient method, which involves ball milling of graphite in the presence of hydrogen (H2), bromine (Br2), and iodine (I2). The resultant HGnP, BrGnP, and IGnP reveal significant exfoliation of graphite layers, as evidenced by high BET surface area of 414, 595, and 772 m2 g-1, respectively, in addition to incorporation of H, Br, and I along with other oxygen-containing functional groups at the graphitic edges. The BrGnP and IGnP are also found to contain 4.12 and 2.20 at % of Br and I, respectively in the graphene framework. When tested as supercapacitor electrode, all XGnPs show excellent electrochemical performance in terms of specific capacitance and durability at high current density and long-term operation. Among XGnPs, IGnP delivers superior performance of 172 F g-1 at 1 A g-1 compared with 150 F g-1 for BrGnP and 75 F g-1 for HGnP because the large surface area and high surface functionality in the IGnP give rise to the outstanding capacitive performance. Moreover, all XGnPs show excellent retention of capacitance at high current density of 10 A g-1 and for long-term operation up to 1000 charge-discharge cycles. © 2015 American Chemical Society.
- American Chemical Society
- Related Researcher
Light, Salts and Water Research Group
Materials chemistry; nanomaterials; electrochemistry; carbon and porous materials; fuel cell; battery; supercapacitor; sensor and photochemical catalyst
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- Department of Energy Science and EngineeringLight, Salts and Water Research Group1. Journal Articles
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