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Imiquimod induces a Toll-like receptor 7-independent increase in intracellular calcium via IP3 receptor activation

Imiquimod induces a Toll-like receptor 7-independent increase in intracellular calcium via IP3 receptor activation
Hwang, H[Hwang, Heehong]Min, H[Min, Hyunjung]Kim, D[Kim, Donghoon]Yu, SW[Yu, Seong-Woon]Jung, SJ[Jung, Sung Jun]Choi, SY[Choi, Se-Young]Lee, SJ[Lee, Sung Joong]
DGIST Authors
Yu, SW[Yu, Seong-Woon]
Issued Date
Article Type
AminoquinolinesAnimal CellAnimalsCalciumCalcium Cell LevelCalcium SignalingCalcium TransportControlled StudyCytosolic Ca2+DantroleneHEK293 CellsHumanHuman CellHumansImiquimodInositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate ReceptorsInterferon InducersIntracellular FluidIP3 ReceptorItchMiceMusNIH 3T3 CellsNon-HumanPC12 CellsPriority JournalPruritusRatsRyanodine Receptor 3Sensory Nerve CellToll-Like Receptor7
Imiquimod is an itch-promoting, small, synthetic compound that is generally used to treat genital warts and basal cell carcinoma. The pruritogenic effect of imiquimod is considered to be due to TLR7 activation; however that idea has been challenged by our studies showing intact pruritogenic effects of imiquimod in TLR7 KO mice. Thus, the signaling pathways of imiquimod have not been completely elucidated. Here we investigated the novel effects of imiquimod on intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) signaling. We found that imiquimod induces [Ca2+]i increases in PC12 and F11 cells, and even in NIH-3T3 and HEK293T cells, which do not express TLR7. This [Ca 2+]i increase was due to Ca2+ release from the internal store without extracellular Ca2+ influx. Neither FCCP, a mitochondrial Ca2+ reuptake inhibitor, nor dantrolene, a ryanodine receptor inhibitor, affected the imiquimod-induced [Ca2+]i increase. However, 2APB, an IP3 receptor blocker, inhibited the imiquimod-induced [Ca2+]i increase. U73122, a PLCβ inhibitor, failed to block the imiquimod-induced [Ca2+]i increase. These data indicate that imiquimod triggers IP3 receptor-dependent Ca2+ signaling independently of TLR7. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Academic Press Inc.
Related Researcher
  • 유성운 Yu, Seong-Woon 뇌과학과
  • Research Interests Molecular mechanisms of neuronal cell death and neurodegeneration
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Department of Brain Sciences Laboratory of Neuronal Cell Death 1. Journal Articles


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