Organic flash memories that employ solution-processed polymer semiconductors preferentially require internal stability of their active channel layers. In this paper, a series of new donor-acceptor copolymers based on cyclopentadithiophene (CDT) and diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) are synthesized to obtain high per-formance and operational stability of nonvolatile floating-gate memory transistors with various additional donor units including thiophene, thiophene-vinylene-thiophene (CDT-DPP-TVT), selenophene, and seleno-phene-vinylene-selenophene. Detailed analyses on the photophysical, two-dimensional grazing incident X-ray diffraction, and bias-stress stability are discussed, which reveal that the CDT-DPP-TVT exhibits excellent bi-as-stress stability over 105 s. To utilize the robust nature of CDT-DPP-TVT, floating-gate transistors are fabri-cated by embedding Au nanoparticles between CytopTM layers as a charge storage site. The resulting memory devices reveal bi-stable current states with high on/off current ratio larger than 104 and each state can be dis-tinguished for more than 1 year, indicating a long retention time. Moreover, a repetitive writing-reading-erasing-reading test clearly supports the reproducible memory operation with reversible and reliable electrical responses. All these results suggest that the internal stability of CDT-DPP-TVT makes this copolymer a prom-ising material for application in reliable organic flash memory.
Table Of Contents
1. Introduction 1 2. Experimental Section 3 2.1 Materials 3 2.2 Fabrication of OFETs and Memory Devices 3 2.3 Thin Film and Device Characterization 3 3. Results and Discussions 4 4. Conclusion 16 5. References 17 국문요약 21