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Parkin Promotes Mitophagic Cell Death in Adult Hippocampal Neural Stem Cells Following Insulin Withdrawal
- Parkin Promotes Mitophagic Cell Death in Adult Hippocampal Neural Stem Cells Following Insulin Withdrawal
- Park, Hyunhee; Chung, Kyung Min; An, Hyun-Kyu; Gim, Ji-Eun; Hong, Jihyun; Woo, Hanwoong; Cho, Bongki; Moon, Cheil; Yu, Seong-Woon
- DGIST Authors
- Cho, Bongki; Moon, Cheil; Yu, Seong-Woon
- Issue Date
- Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience, 12
- Article Type
- Author Keyword
- autophagy-dependent cell death; c-Jun; hippocampal neural stem cells; mitophagy; Parkin
- AUTOPHAGOSOME FORMATION; MECHANISMS; UBIQUITIN; PROTEIN; NEUROGENESIS; MITOCHONDRIA; DISEASE; DEGRADATION; INFUSION; CALCIUM
- Regulated cell death (RCD) plays a fundamental role in human health and disease. Apoptosis is the best-studied mode of RCD, but the importance of other modes has recently been gaining attention. We have previously demonstrated that adult rat hippocampal neural stem (HCN) cells undergo autophagy-dependent cell death (ADCD) following insulin withdrawal. Here, we show that Parkin mediates mitophagy and ADCD in insulin-deprived HCN cells. Insulin withdrawal increased the amount of depolarized mitochondria and their colocalization with autophagosomes. Insulin withdrawal also upregulated both mRNA and protein levels of Parkin, gene knockout of which prevented mitophagy and ADCD. c-Jun is a transcriptional repressor of Parkin and is degraded by the proteasome following insulin withdrawal. In insulin-deprived HCN cells, Parkin is required for Ca 2+ accumulation and depolarization of mitochondria at the early stages of mitophagy as well as for recognition and removal of depolarized mitochondria at later stages. In contrast to the pro-death role of Parkin during mitophagy, Parkin deletion rendered HCN cells susceptible to apoptosis, revealing distinct roles of Parkin depending on different modes of RCD. Taken together, these results indicate that Parkin is required for the induction of ADCD accompanying mitochondrial dysfunction in HCN cells following insulin withdrawal. Since impaired insulin signaling is implicated in hippocampal deficits in various neurodegenerative diseases and psychological disorders, these findings may help to understand the mechanisms underlying death of neural stem cells and develop novel therapeutic strategies aiming to improve neurogenesis and survival of neural stem cells. © 2019 Park, Chung, An, Gim, Hong, Woo, Cho, Moon and Yu.
- Frontiers Media S.A.
- Related Researcher
Laboratory of Neuronal Cell Death
Molecular mechanisms of neuronal cell death and neurodegeneration
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